Nowaday's transport systems are dominated by individual traffic and a huge addiction to cars - still mainly driven by fossil fuel energy.
Traffic jam on highways and in cities, not only during rush hour and vacation time, lead to stop-and-go traffic and halt.
At the same time, environmental impacts are increasing. Traffic regulations up to complete driving bans are the answer to particulate pollution in the cities and other pollutant emissions.
The knowledge and acceptance of horse drawn vehicles is growing slowly, but steadily.
Especially in France there is quite a large number of communities working with this environmental friendly concept - horse based school busses, tourist transportation and shuttle services.
In Germany, horse drawn vehicles are mainly seen in leisure and sport, but there are a few communities using them in public transport tasks.
In rural areas of new EU member states the use of horse drawn wagons is still building the fundament of their existence. But it is threatened by their societies imitating a model of motorised life style, supported even with EU money.